What is the knitting and weaving? Comparison between knitting and weaving

Introduction: The human beings impelled by nature and compelled by necessity. Textile fabric is defined as a two dimensional (2D) plane-like structure (may be woven, knitted, non-woven, braided, etc.) Recently, fabrics are also made in three dimensions (3D) and widely used in technical applications including medical textiles in the form of artificial cardiovascular tube as well as different joints and tissues of the human body. Weaving the technology of producing fabric by interlacing two sets of threads. Weaving is the oldest technique of fabric formation. Its share in total fabric production is about 70% today i will discuss about knitting  and weaving.

Knitting:

Knitting is the second most popular technique of fabric or garment formation by inter-looping one or one set of yarns. Continuous length of yarn is converted into vertically intermeshed loops either by hand or by machine. Knitting can be classified as weft knitting and warp knitting.

knitting

Weft knitting:

 Weft knitting machines produce four basic knitted structures such as .plain, rib, interlock and purl. Plain structure is produced in single jersey machine. Latch needles are used in weft knitting. According to shape of the needle bed machines are classified as flat bed machine and circular bed machine.

Warp knitting:

Warp knit fabric is knitted at a constant continuous width, although it is possible to knit a outsized number of narrow width fabrics within a needle bed width, usually separating them after finishing..

 

  1. Fabric is made by interloping of threads
  2. One are one set of threads is used in making the fabric
  3. Knitting required less number of preparatory process
  4. Knitting machine are flat as well as circular
  5. Knitted fabric comparatively less rigid
  6. Knitted fabric is more stretchable
  7. Knitted fabric is bends easily and result good comfort and from fitting properly
  8. Knitted fabric is difficult to tear the fabric
  9. Fabric has wrinkle (crease) resistance
  10. Knitted fabric has less stiffer and has soft hand feel
  11. Fabric more porous and air permeable
  12. Knitted fabric is comparatively  weaker and less durable
  13. Knitted fabric tension development is high
  14. Moisture absorption is more because of comparatively loose voluminous construction

Weaving:

Weaving  is the most popular way of fabric production It is done by interlacing two distinct sets of yarn or thread are separated at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The actual weaving process is preceded by earlier yarn preparation processes winding warping sizing drawing and denting. Most of the garments are produced by weaving technology. Natural fibers in general and cotton fibers in particular are the most popular raw materials for our garments. Three types of weaves: plain, twill, and satin.

  1. Two sets of threads warp and weft are used in making a fabric.
  2. Knitted fabric is made my interlacement of threads.
  3. Weaving required more number of preparatory process
  4. Machine are mostly flat
  5. Woven fabric comparatively more rigid
  6. Woven fabric does not bends easily and result less  comfort and from fitting properly
  7. Woven fabric is easy to tear the fabric
  8. Fabric has low (crease) resistance
  9. Woven Fabric has less stiffer and has hares feel
  10. Fabric is less porous and air permeable
  11. Fabric is stronger and durable
  12. Moisture absorption power is less due to compact structure
  13. Fabric are more dimensional stable due to tighter construction and interlacing of warp and weft in right angle  

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *