What is Acrylic fiber how is it made ?

Acrylic fibers

Acrylic fiber is a synthetic fiber made from a polymer called polyacrylonitrile (PAN). It quickly gained popularity because of its many benefits. Acrylic fiber is lightweight, soft, and warm, making it perfect for use in sweaters, blankets, and other winter wear.

Acrylic fibers

Acrylic fibers

It is also resistant to sunlight and chemicals, making it ideal for outdoor applications.

Manufacturing of Acrylic Fiber

Acrylic fiber is made from a polymer called polyacrylonitrile (PAN). The manufacturing process involves several steps, including polymerization, wet spinning, drawing, and heat-setting.

PAN Polymerization

The first step in the manufacturing process is the polymerization of the PAN. This involves the reaction of acrylonitrile with a catalyst to form a polymer. The polymer is then washed and dried.

Wet Spinning Process

The next step is the wet spinning process. The polymer is dissolved in a solvent to create a spinning solution. This solution is then extruded through spinnerets into a coagulating bath, where it solidifies into fibers.

Drawing and Crimping

The fibers are then drawn and crimped to improve their strength and texture. Drawing involves stretching the fibers to align the molecules, while crimping involves bending the fibers to create curls.


The final step is heat-setting, where the fibers are heated to a high temperature to set the shape and size of the fibers. This process also helps to improve the strength and durability of the fibers.

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Uses of Acrylic Fiber

Acrylic fibers is used in a wide range of applications,apparel, home furnishings, and outdoor applications.


Acrylic fibers is commonly used in sweaters, socks, and other winter wear. It is also used in sportswear and activewear because of its moisture-wicking properties.

Home Furnishings

Acrylic fibers is used in blankets, carpets, and upholstery because of its softness and warmth.

Outdoor Applications

Acrylic fibers is used in awnings, tents, and outdoor furniture covers because of its resistance to

Advantage of disadvantage of Acrylic fibers

Acrylic fibers is a popular synthetic fiber that has gained wide acceptance in the textile industry due to its unique properties.It has its advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages Acrylic fiber

Softness and Comfort

One of the biggest advantages of acrylic fibers is its softness and comfort. It is often used in clothing and other textiles due to its plush and cozy feel.


Acrylic fibers is a warm and insulating material. It is often used to make winter clothing and outdoor gear because of its ability to retain heat even when wet.


While not as durable as natural fibers like wool and cotton, acrylic fibers is still a relatively durable material. It resists stretching and shrinking, and it is less likely to wrinkle or fade than some other fibers.


Acrylic fibers is very colorfast, which means that it retains its color even after repeated washing and exposure to sunlight. This makes it an ideal choice for items that are frequently washed, like clothing and bedding.

Resistance to Sunlight and Chemicals

Acrylic fibers is resistant to both sunlight and chemicals, which makes it a popular choice for outdoor applications. It is often used in awnings, umbrellas, and other outdoor fabrics because of its ability to withstand exposure to the elements.


Acrylic fibers is quick-drying, which makes it an ideal choice for clothing and gear that is likely to get wet. It dries faster than natural fibers like cotton and wool, which can take longer to dry and may become damaged if left wet for too long.


One of the biggest advantages of acrylic fibers is its affordability. It is generally less expensive than natural fibers like wool and cotton, which makes it a popular choice for items that are used frequently or need to be replaced often.

Disadvantages Acrylic fiber


Acrylic fibers is highly flammable and can melt when exposed to heat. This can be a safety hazard in certain situations.

Not Biodegradable

Acrylic fibers is not biodegradable and does not break down naturally in the environment. This can lead to environmental problems when it is not disposed of properly.

Environmental Impact

The production of acrylic fibers has a negative impact on the environment. It requires large amounts of energy and produces greenhouse gases, which contribute to climate change.

Not as Breathable as Natural Fibers

Acrylic fibers is not as breathable as natural fibers like cotton and wool. This can make it uncomfortable to wear in certain situations, especially in warm weather.

Can Cause Skin Irritation

Acrylic fibers can cause skin irritation in some people, especially those with sensitive skin. This can be a problem for people who are allergic to synthetic materials.

Topic related question

Is acrylic fiber safe for the environment?

Acrylic fibers is generally considered safe for the environment, but like all synthetic fibers, it is not biodegradable.

Can acrylic fiber be recycled?

Yes, acrylic fibesr can be recycled. However, the recycling process can be expensive and difficult.

Is acrylic fiber as warm as wool?

Acrylic fibesr is not as warm as wool, but it is a good substitute for wool in many applications.

How do you care for acrylic fiber?

Acrylic fibers can be machine washed and dried on a low heat setting.

Is acrylic fiber hypoallergenic?

Acrylic fibers is not hypoallergenic and can cause skin irritation in some people.