Sewing machine parts name and function

A sewing machine is a machine that is used to sew other materials, including fabric and thread. were invented during the first industrial revolution to reduce the amount of manual sewing work in garment companies. Have greatly improved the efficiency and productivity of the garment industry. Home stitching machines are designed for one individual to sew individual items while the use a single sews type.

In a modern sewing machine, the fabric easily glides in and out of the machine without the hassle of needles and thumbs and other tools used in hand sewing, automating the process of sewing and saving time. In contrast, industrial sewing machines are larger, faster, more complex, and more varied in their size, cost, appearance, and function can be an executive guide or pattern-controlled.

Sewing machine Parts name:

  1. Spool pin,
  2. Bobbin winder stopper,
  3. Stitch width dial,
  4. Pattern selector dial,
  5. Handwheel,
  6. Bobbin binder spindle,
  7. Stitch length dial,
  8. Reverse stitch lever,
  9. Power stitch,
  10. Presser’s foot,
  11. Bobbin cover,
  12. Bobbin cover release button,
  13. Feed dog,
  14. Needle,
  15. Needle plate.
  16. Bobbin winder thread guide,
  17. Thread tension dial,
  18. Thread take-up lever,
  19. Balance Wheel
  20. Face Plate Thumb Screw
  21. Feed Do
  22. Needle Bar Thread Guide
  23. Needle Clamp
  24. Presser Bar Lifter
  25. Presser Foot Thumb Screw
  26. Pressure Regulating Thumb Screw
  27. Tension Spring

Also called the balance wheel, the sewing machine handwheel is used to control the movement of both the take-up lever and the needle. Manual and electric sewing machines feature two handwheels. Therefore, you need to keep a close eye on the container in your hand and maintain it to prevent it from getting jammed.

Sewing machine parts name and function. Handwheel

Hand wheel

Bobbin winder stopper:

Winds thread from spool to the bobbin. Bobbin winders can be located at the top or right side of the machine. Automatically stops the bobbin from winding when full.

Sewing machine parts name and function. Bobbin winder stopper

Bobbin winder stopper

Tension disks:

Tension discs control the amount of thread applied to the machine’s needle and even to the feed as a result of sewing forming evenly. Many new sewing machines have discs hidden inside the machine cover. On machines with hidden tension discs, the discs are usually electronically controlled to control the tension. Always raise the pressure foot when threading the sewing machine so that the discs are not engaged and the thread is open to receive.

Sewing machine parts name and function. Tension disks

Tension disks

Pattern selector:

It is used to make stretch stitches and zigzag stitches. Turn the pattern selector dial to set the desired knitting symbol. On computerized machines, stitches are usually selected on the menu screen.

Sewing machine parts. Pattern selector image

Pattern selector


To make a hole in the fabric so that the sewing thread can make a seam through it without damaging any fabric to make a loop through to carry the needle thread through the fabric.

Sewing machine parts name and function. Needle


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Needle Clamp:

Most needle holders also have a clamp mechanism that locks the needle in place, allowing the user to insert the needle through a diverse tissue. The needle clamp is used to restore the needle in place.

Sewing machine parts . Needle clamp

Needle clamp

Feed dog:

Feed dogs are a teeth-like component.  A set of feed dogs usually resembles two or three short, thin metal bars, which go back and forth in the slots on the needle plate of the sewing machine. Their purpose is to pull the fabric through the machine, in discrete steps, in-between stitches.

sewing machine parts.image of feed dog

Feed dog

Throat plate:

The throat plate of the sewing machine is the metal plate under the sewing gadget needle and pressure foot. It is usually held in place with one or more screws. This is a removable part, which attaches to the bobbin and bottom covers of the sewing machine.

Throat plate image. sewing machine parts

Throat plate

Presser foot lever:

A pressure foot is a sewing machine used to hold the fabric flat with which it is fed and sewn through the machine.

Presser foot lever image.sewing machine parts

Presser foot lever

Thread cutter:

Automatic thread cutting means the sewing machine is doing all the cutting work for you without you having to use scissors or any kind of cutting thing. Thread cutters are usually located behind the needle of the sewing machine; the sewing thread can be cut using a thread cutter.

thread cutter image.sewing machine parts

Thread cutter

Bobbin case:

A sewing machine bobbin case has important functions related to thread tension. It gently and securely holds the bobbin in place so that the machine can untie the thread without harmful movement. The bobbin case can be found under the needle plate.

Bobbin case image .sewing machine parts

Bobbin case


In the case of sewing, a bobbin is a small metal, wood or plastic wheel or reel design that holds the thread. A bobbin is part of a sewing machine that cuts the bottom thread. The machine sews from the bottom thread, from the bobbin to the needle with the top thread.

Bobbin image.sewing machine parts name


Slide plate:

It is a plastic cover that protects the bobbin case from dirt and dust. This leaves open space for access to the bobbin zone under the sewing machine to change the bobbins and for other maintenance in this area.

Slide plate image .sewing machine parts name

Slide plate

The take-up lever:

The take-up lever is located above the pressure foot of a sewing machine. This is the part of the machine that pulls the thread from the spool for feeding through the machine and returns the thread out of the fabric after the seam is made. It goes up and down during sewing.

take-up lever

Take-up lever

Spool pin:

The spool pin holds the spool of thread It can be horizontal or vertical in place. It controls the direction of the sewing thread as the sewing thread passes through the machine.

Spool pin

Spool pin

Reverse lever:

The reverse lever is part of the sewing machine that makes it possible to hold the stitch back. This function is essential when sewing because it allows you to secure your sewing at the beginning. Reverse stitching is also necessary when finishing a seam. For some machines, it’s a lever, for others it’s a button.

Reverse lever

Reverse lever