Geo Textiles: Types, Advantages and Disadvantages
Geo textiles are materials used in civil engineering applications to improve soil and provide additional strength and stability to foundations. They are made from synthetic or natural fibers arranged in a web-like structure. Geotextiles can be used for various purposes such as filtration, drainage, reinforcement and erosion control
Types of Geo Textiles
Geo textiles are classified based on the method of construction. The different types of geotextiles are as follows:
- Woven Geo Textiles
- Non Woven Geo Textiles
- Knitted Geo Textiles
- Spun bonded Geo textile
Woven Geo Textiles
Such textiles act as separators and increase soil strength. Since their jute yarn strength is high, their tensile strength is high. As a result, it is able to take much higher loads. There are different types of woven geotextiles such as woven monofilament, woven multifilament, woven slit-film monofilament and slit-film multifilament.
Non-Woven Geo Textile
Tensile strength is not very high, but their separation, extraction and filtration capacity is better than others. Non-woven geotextiles are permeable geo synthetics, usually made of synthetic fibers. Thermal and chemical bonding are used to make non-woven geotextiles. There are different types of nonwoven geotextiles such as continuous filament heat bonded, continuous filament needle punched, staple needle punched, resin bonded.
Knitted Geo Textiles
Such textiles have good flexibility and are economically viable. Although its use is less, the demand for “drainage and soil erosion control” is increasing day by day. Woven geotextiles are manufactured using weaving technology, sometimes looms are used to produce these products.
Composite geotextiles are made by combining two or more types of geotextiles. The combination of materials gives the material extra strength and durability, making it suitable for use in high-pressure applications. Composite geotextiles are used for applications such as soil stabilization, erosion control and reinforcement.
Properties of Geotextiles
The properties of geotextiles can vary depending on the type of fabric used and the manufacturing process.
Geotextiles are designed to add strength and power to the soil. The strength of a geotextile is determined by its tensile strength, tear strength and puncture resistance.
Geotextiles are designed to allow water to flow through them while retaining soil particles. The permeability of a geotextile is determined by its porosity and hydraulic conductivity.
Geotextiles are designed to withstand harsh environmental conditions including UV radiation, extreme temperatures and chemical exposure. The durability of a geotextile is determined by its resistance to degradation and abrasion.
Geotextiles are designed to filter sediment and other particles from water, while allowing water to flow through. The filtration efficiency of a geotextile is determined by its pore size and surface area.
Functions of Geotextiles
Geotextiles are used in a wide range of civil engineering applications with the following functions:
Geotextiles are used to reinforce soil, provide stability and prevent soil erosion. They are commonly used in the construction of walls, dams and roads.
Geotextiles are used to filter sediment and other particles from water, preventing clogging of drainage systems. They are commonly used in drainage applications, such as underdrain and geo composite drains.
Geotextiles are used to separate different soil layers, preventing mixing and maintaining the integrity of the soil structure. They are commonly used in road construction and landfill applications.
Geotextiles are used to protect structures from damage caused by soil erosion, water infiltration and other environmental factors. They are commonly used in corrosion control applications
Application Geo Textile
Geotextiles are fabrics made from synthetic materials and are used in various civil engineering applications. Some common applications of geotextiles
Geotextiles can be used to control soil erosion by stabilizing soil slopes and protect soil from being washed away by rainwater and runoff.
Geotextiles are often used as a foundation for road construction. They help distribute the weight of the road more evenly, preventing the road from sinking or becoming damaged over time.
Geotextiles can be used in drainage systems to prevent soil from clogging drainage pipes. They allow water to pass through while trapping soil and other particles.
Geotextiles are used to line landfill sites, preventing contaminants from leaking into the surrounding environment.
Geotextiles can be used in agriculture to control weed growth, retain soil moisture, and protect crops from pests and other environmental factors.
Geotextiles can be used to protect shorelines from erosion caused by waves and tides.
Railway track construction:
Geotextiles can be used in railway track construction to prevent soil from washing away and provide a stable foundation for the track.
Advantages of Geo Textiles
Geotextiles offer several advantages over traditional materials such as gravel and concrete.
Improved soil stability
Geotextiles improve soil stability by distributing structural loads over a larger area. This reduces stress on the soil, thereby reducing the risk of settlement and soil failure. Geotextiles also prevent mixing of different soil layers, which can lead to differential settlement.
Cost effective solution
Geo Textile is a cost effective solution for civil engineering applications. They are cheaper than traditional materials like gravel and concrete and require less labor for installation. Geotextiles also reduce the need for excavation, which can save time and money.
Easy to install
Geotextiles are easy to install and require minimal equipment. They can be installed in different weather conditions and on uneven surfaces. This reduces installation time and cost and minimizes disruption to the surrounding environment.
Geo textiles are an eco-friendly alternative to traditional materials. They are made from synthetic or natural fibers that are biodegradable, reducing the environmental impact of civil engineering projects. Geotextiles also improve soil quality, which can have a positive impact on the surrounding environment.
Geotextiles are versatile materials that can be used for various civil engineering applications. They are suitable for use in drainage, filtration, reinforcement, erosion control and soil stabilization. Geotextiles can be used in combination with other materials such as gravel and concrete to provide additional strength and stability to the structure.
Disadvantages of Geo Textiles
Although geotextiles offer several advantages, they also have some disadvantages that should be considered when selecting a material for a civil engineering project.
Geotextiles can be susceptible to damage from UV rays, moisture and chemicals. Over time, the fibers can break down, reducing the material’s effectiveness. It is important to select a geotextile that is durable enough to withstand the environmental conditions of the project site.
Limited load capacity
Geo textiles have a limited load capacity compared to traditional materials such as gravel and concrete. They may not be suitable for applications that require a high load-carrying capacity. It is important to select a geotextile that can withstand the load requirements of the project.
Designing a civil engineering project with geotextiles requires careful consideration of material properties and properties. The design must take into account factors such as the strength and durability of the material, the environmental conditions of the project site, and the load requirements of the structure.