Different types of needles used in knitting

The main element utilized in knitting is that the needle which certainly makes the loop. Needles are can be organized on the needle mattress at ordinary language in such a manner so that needles may move freely along the axis with none lateral tilting. For the cause cuts or groves, technically called tricks, are made at the needle mattress. As discussed below.

The three types of needles:
  1. Latch needle
  2. Bearded needle
  3. Compound or bi-partite needles
Latch needle:
  • Hook, which attracts the yarn, makes the loop and retains the same. The pinnacle of the hook is known as crown
  • Slot or saw lessen at the stem which gets the latch blade
  • Cheek or slot walls in which the latch is riveted
  • Rivet which fixes the latch at the slot of the needle stem
  • Latch which movements around its fulcrum for establishing and last of the hook.
  • The newly advanced spring-loaded latch needles assure excessive system reliability and regulate stitch formation
  • Stem – the principle frame of the needle.
  • Tail, that’s an extension of the stem below the butt, is used forgiving guide to the needle inside the trick.
image of latch needle .what is latch needle .parts name of latch needle

Latch Needle

Latch needles are generally used in weft knitting as well as nowadays in warp knitting on account of the subsequent advantages.


  • Needles are robust
  • Needles are self-sufficient; no extra detail is needed for hook closure. Latch actions up and down due to yarn tension


The newly evolved spring-loaded latch needles assure excessive system reliability and straight forward stitch formation. The simplest demerit of latch pointless that very finer gauge is not possible.

Latch needle knitting action:

The rest position: The head of the needle hook is level with the pinnacle of the verge of the trick. The loop formed at the preceding feeder is in the closed hook. It is avoided from rising as the needle rises, with the aid holding-down sinkers or web holders that move among the needles to hold down the sinker loops.

Latch opening:

As the needle butt passes up the incline of the clearing cam, the old loop that is held down by means of the sinker, slides inside the hook and contacts the latch turning and opening it.

Clearing height.

When the needle reaches the pinnacle of the cam, the old loop is cleared from the hook and latch spoon directly to the stem. At this factor, the feeder guide plate acts as a guard to prevent the latch from closing the empty hook.

Yarn feeding and latch closing.

The needle starts to descend the stitch cam so that its latch is below the verge, with the old loop moving underneath it. At this point, the brand new is fed through hollow within the feeder guide to the descending needle hook, as there is no threat of the yarn being fed below the latch. The old loop contacts the underside of the latch, causing it to shut on to hook.

Knocking-over and loop length formation:

As the head of the needle descends under the top of the trick, the old loop slides off the needle and the new loop is drawn via it. The continued descent of the needle attracts the loop length, which is approximate twice the distance the head of the needle descends, below the surface of the sinker or trick-plate assisting the sinker loop. The distance is determined by the depth setting of the sew cam, which may be adjusted.

The advantages of the latch needle:

The latch needle has the major advantage of being self-acting, so that character motion and manage of the needle lets in stitch preference to be achieved. It is ideally suited for use with computer-controlled electronic choice devices. For that reason, it’s far the maximum extensively used needle in weft knitting and is sometimes termed the ‘automatic’ needle (provided there are loops on the needle).

Individually shifting latch needles can draw and shape their personal needle loops in succession all through the needle bed, unlike bearded needles and needles in warp knitting machines which flow as a unit and consequently require sinkers or guides to form the loops around their stems. The Germans classify the first method as ‘Stickered’ or loop drawing and the second method as loop forming

Variation of the height of vertical reciprocation of a latch needle at a feeder may produce both missing, tucking or knitting, and depth of descent normally deter-mines loop length. Double-ended purl needles can slide thru the antique loops in an effort to knit from an opposing mattress and thus draw a loop from the opposite route to the formerly

Bearded needle:

  • Stem the body of the needle.
  • Head where the stem has been bent to create the hook.
  • Beard, the vibrant hook which can be pushed to the stem for hook break.
  • Groove or eye cut into the stem to accommodate the tip of the beard.
  • Shank, the bent bottom share of the needle for connecting when a sever machine pension.

Bearded needles are specially used in a tricot-kind warp knitting machine. These needles are available in a very finer gauge. An additional part is known as pusher required to shut the near the hook all through loop formation.

Compound needle:

Compound needles are greater flexible and pleasing for both weft and distort knitting. Out of various forms of compound needles. It is a modified latch needle. The important elements of this needle are as follows:

what is the bearded needle.image of bearded needle

Main parts of bearded and compounded needles

(a) Hook

(b) Stem

(c) Slot or hole inside the stem

(d) Sliding latch or hook closer

(e) Butt of the needle

(f) Butt or driving connection of the hook closer.

Moreover, motions are to be a resolution one after the other in this area talking the needle and the hook closer; and as a result, fused needles have every unmarried one constrained applications.

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